Apache SSL Library Error 218529960

If your Apache2 server fails to start after installing SSL (recommended guides are here and here), and get an error in your logs (probably at /var/log/apache2/error.log on Ubuntu) such as

be sure you have the correct "tags" in your certificate file: It should start with (if PEM-encoded)


and end with


including all hyphens (five on each side). The leading hyphens might get eaten when you cut and paste to your server from your local machine.

NK: Thanks! This article saved me from some real pain! :)

Anurag: This saved me hours hair splitting. Thanks a ton.

Jeremy: Worth mentioning that Apache does not seem to like windows linebreaks, so make sure to check the .crt and convert any \r\n into \n. This had me stumped for a few minutes today after I pasted directly from my CA's website in to my SSH session from Windows.

Posted: 28 September 2010

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